TEWKESBURY,  GLOUCESTERSHIRE

     An ancient, large, and populous, borough town, is situated in a fine fertile plain at the confluence of the navigable rivers Severn and Avon. It sends two members to parliament, and is governed by two bailiffs and four justices, annually chosen out of twenty-four chief burgesses; it has also a high steward, recorder, town clerk and chamberlain. This borough is not under the immediate influence of any individual. Its independence is evinced by the honour it derives from so exemplary a representative as Mr. James Martin, whose integrity has manifested that rigid virtue which so deservedly ennobled the Grecian and Roman character. To the honour of the British senate it should be recorded, that, being offered a share in the very advantageous loan of 1783 to a very great amount, he displayed the true dignity of parliamentary independence, by communicating to the house the insult that he conceived to be offered to the legislative assembly of the nation. --- The other representative ( in the new parliament of 1796 ) is W. Dowdswell, esq.

     The town received its full privileges from Edward II. which were confirmed by several of his successors; but it did not return to parliament before the 7th of James I. The right of elections is in the magistrates and the inhabitants paying scot and lot, supposed to be about 500; returning officers the bailiffs

     Tewkesbury was formerly famous for its monastery, built by two brothers Odo and Dodo, who were then dukes of great account in the kingdom of Mercia. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and at first only endowed with the manor of Stanway.Hugh earl of Mercia was the patron of this priory in the year 800, and Brichtric king of the West Saxons was buried here.Robert Fitz-Hammon, in the year 1102, new built it, and made great endowments, advancing it to an abbey. His daughter Mabilla, wife of Robert earl of Gloucester, built the priory of St. James's at Bristol and subjected it to this abbey. Gilbert de Clare earl of Gloucester and Hereford, with several of the families of the Despencers and Beauchamps, were great benfactors to it, some of whom are buried here; it was valued at the suppression at 1598l a year. the abbot was mitred, and sat in parliament. The church is still standing, and is now the parish church above described.

     The place is famous for a bloody battle fought here between the two houses of York and Lancaster, when Edward IV. entirely defeated Henry VI.taking the queen, Prince Edward, and many of the nobility who sided with Henry, prisoners. The young prince, who was but eighteen years of age, being brought into the king's tent, appeared before him with an undaunted countenance; and Edward asking him, how he came to be so rash as thus to enter his kingdom in arms he bravely replied " That he came to recover his own inheritance, which had been njustly usurped." On which the king, instead of admiring his intrepidity, struck him on the mouth with his gauntlet, and turning from him withdrew, when the Dukes of Clarence and Gloucester, the king's brothers, the earl of Dorset, and Lord Hastings, stepped up to the young prince, and barbarously stabbed him with their daggers-----

     Here is a bridge over three of the four rivers that run by it; and a church, which is a large noble structure, with two handsome turrets at each end, and a stately tower, also adorned with turrets. the communion table consists of one entire piece of marble, thirteen feet eight inches long, and three feet and a half broad,and stands in the middle of the choir. this structure is adorned with a number of funeral monuments, particularly several of the earls of Gloucester and Warwick, Prince Edward the son of Henry VI. and the Duke of Clarence brother to Edward IV. Here are also several meeting-houses of dissenters, and a free school, erected by William Ferrers, in 1675, who gave 20l a year for the maintenance of a master, to which several other benefactors have made considerable additions. Here is also an hospital, endowed with 40l a year by the Late Queen Mary, to be paid out of the Exchequer, for the maintenance of thirteen poor people, and a reader, who is appointed by the corporation; and in the church-yard is an alms-house for ten poor widows, but without any endowments.

     The town carries on a considerable trade in malt; and the cotton manufactory is making great progress, to the great advantage of the proprietors, and no less beneficial to the poor, to great numbers of whom it gives employment and support. The town has recently been much improved in the appearance of the buildings; the streets have been also lately well paved. A handsome town-hall has also been erected at the expense of Sir William Codrington, Bart, and the corporation have built a neat and commodious market-house. In short, for trade, situation, and neatness of streets and buildings, Tewkesbury may vie with most market-towns in the kingdom. the chief manufacture here is woollen cloth and stockings; and its clothing trade is better accommodated, by reason of its nearness to Cotewold hills, for the fleece, and lso to Stroud-water, which is impregnated with that secret quality for the scarlet dye. It has been long noted also for its manufacture of mustard-balls. The Ham, near this place is noted for horse-races This parish is six miles round.

     By the late inland navigation it has communication with the rivers Mersey, Dee, Ribble, Ouse, Trent, Darwent,Severn, Humber, Thames, Avon, &c. which navigation, including its windings, extends above five hundred miles in the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham, York, Lancaster, Westmoreland, Chester, Stafford, Warwick, Leicester, Oxford, Worcester &c.

     Tewkesbury has two good weekly markets, viz. Wednesday and Saturday and five annual fairs, March 7, May 12, June 22, September 4 and October 10.

     It is distant from Gloucester ten miles, Worcester fifteen, Pershore eight, Evesham thirteen, Cheltenham ten, and Upton six.----Principal inns are, the Swan, Hop-pole, Star and garter, Fleece, and Cross Keys.

Bankers:---Glover, Embury, and Cross; draw on Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Smith, London---James Pynock; draws on Messrs. Langton, Towgood, and Amory, London.

Post in and out daily.----John Pearce, post-master.

Coaches to Bath, Bristol, Birmingham, worcster and Gloucster, daily.----Waggons to London, Birmingham, and Bristol, weekly.----Trows to Bristol every spring-tide; to evesham and Stratford weekly.----Market boat to Gloucester and Worcester every Saturday.---The following are the principal inhabitants:

CORPORATION
Right Hon. the Earl of Coventry High Steward
Thomas Dowdswell Esq. Recorder
Henry Fowke Town-clerk
John Pitt Esq. Chamberlain
Michael Proctor and Thomas Brown Gents. Bailiffs
GENTRY
Allis Jacob Gent.
Ashmead Mrs. Mary
Barnes Mrs.
Buckle William Esq. (F)
Cole John Gent. (F)
Darke Mrs. Elizabeth
Doddridge Mrs. Mercy
Embury John Esq. (F)
Embury Mrs. Martha
Godsall James Gent. (F)
Hankins Mrs. Elizabeth
Hayward Mrs. Mary
Jackson Richard Esq. (F)
Jeynes Mrs. Ann
Kemble Mrs. Margaret
Martin James Esq. M.P. Overbury
Parsons John Esq. Kemerton
Ryland John Gent. (F)
Smith Robert Gent. (F)
Tracy Lord Viscount Toddington
Turner John Gent. (F)
Wakeman Walter Esq.
Wall John Esq. Tewkesbury Lodge
CLERGY
Ely Lord Bishop of Forthampton
Mines Rev. Francis Curate
Smith Rev. William
Williams Rev. William (F)
PHYSIC
Holland Benjamin Surgeon
Spilbury James Surgeon
Terrett and Dillon (F) Surgeons and Apothecaries
LAW
Collett Waterworth (F) Attorney
Fowke Henry (F) Attorney
Meredith Edward Attorney
Stephens John (F) Attorney
Trueman Samuel Attorney
TRADERS
Andrews Thomas (F) Weaver
Ansell John (F) Baker
Baker Matthew Schoolmaster
Banaster Charles Saddler
Banaster William Saddler
Barnes Thomas (F) Ironmonger
Barnes John (F) Maltster
Barnard William (F) Maltster
Bick John (F) Yeoman
Bird Randle (F) Brickmaker
Bishop Joseph (F) Butcher
Bradford Thomas Victualler
Browne Thomas Mercer
Burgess John Hatter
Burrowes John Grocer
Butcher John Currier
Butt Richard (F) Grocer
Butterfield Isaac (F) Salesman
Care William Baker
Carloss Richard (F) Baker
Carloss Richard Jeynes Corn-factor
Chambers Joseph (F) Maltster
Chandler Elizabeth Victualler
Chandler Charles (F) Coal-merchant
Chandler Lawrence (F) Maltster
Charles John Hosier
Collett Henry (F) Seedsman
Collins John (F) Bricklayer
Cooper thomas (F) Whip-maker
Cox Thomas (F) Baker
Davis George Shoemaker
Dick John (F) Linen-draper
Dipper John (F) Yeoman
Dillon William (F) Maltster
Dobbins Henry (F) Butcher
Dumble George (F) Baker
Dyde and Son Printers
Easthope Thomas (F) Barge-master
Edgecombe Richard (F) Cabinet-maker and Builder
Edgecombe Handy (F) Cabinet-maker
Edwards Robert Maltster
Embury and Johns (F) Brewers
Fielder Peter (F) Baker
Fluck Esther Victualler
Fownes John (F) Victualler
Frizer Samuel (F) Brickmaker
Gannaway Martha Grocer
Gardiner William Stonemason
Giles Robert Star and Garter Inn
Goodere Moses (F) Confectioner
Grazebrooke Thomas (F) Plumber and Glazier
Griffiths Thomas Maltster
Grove Benjamin Gardener
Guy Mary Victualler
Hancock Charles (F) Baker
Handley Samuel (F) Glover
Hartland Nathaniel (F) Tanner
Hartlebury W.M. (F) Grocer
Haynes William Baker
Hazell Thomas (F) Victualler
Heath William Shoemaker
Heath Richard (F) Shomaker
Hodges William (F) Victualler
Holder William (F) Stonemason
Holland Ann Victualler
Hope John (F) Soap-boiler
Hudson Thomas (F) Brazier
Hughes William (F) Grazier
Huntley Richard (F) Victualler
Insall Thomas (F) Grazier
Insall Richard (F) Victualler
Insall William (F) Breeches-maker
Ireland Charlotte Milliner
Jacobs Mary Swan Inn
Jenkins Richard (F) Maltster
Jenkins Florence Currier
Kedwards William (F) Butcher
Kings Thomas (F) Butcher
Kingsbury James Grocer and Woolcomber
Kingsbury Mary Hosier
Kingsbury Sarah Milliner
Lane William (F) Yeoman
Lane John Baker
Lewis Thomas (F) Victualler
Linnell Sarah China shop
Lloyd Omwell (F) Mercer and distributor of stamps
Ludgrove John (F) Innholder
Mann William Innholder
Martin John Grocer
Mason Edward (F) Butcher
Merry Wiliam (F) Victualler
Mew John (F) Barge-master
Mew William (F) Mealman
Mew Samuel (F) Staymaker
Millard John (F) Maltster
Moore Benjamin (F) Farrier
Moore William Farrier
Moore William Innholder
Moreton Thomas Innholder
Morgan William Grocer
Nind James (F) Baker
Pentam Thomas (F) Maltster
Pitt John (F) Tanner and Maltster
Player Nicholas (F) Cooper
Pottams? Richard Gardener
Prew Richard (F) Clockmaker
Prior and Sons (F) Hosiers and manufacturers
Proctor Michael (F) Maltster
Proctor William (F) Maltster
Pynnock James Grocer
Randle William (F) Collar-maker
Rayer Richard (F) Maltster and baker
Richardson Elizabeth Hosier
Rickards Samuel Grocer
Ricketts Martha Grocer
Ricketts Samuel (F) Innholder
Rudge Thomas (F) Tanner
Sandilands George (F) Innholder
Seally John Maltster
Skevington William (F) Framesmith
Smith Thomas (F) Hop-pole Inn
Sperry Thomas (F) Confectioner
Stephens John Victualler
Surman William (F) Yeoman
Sweet Batholomew Victualler
Tanner William Millwright
Thomas William Grocer
Turner Samuel (F) Butcher
Turner Isaac (F) Butcher
Vernon George (F) Brandy-merchant
Waldron Thomas (F) Staymaker
Warner John Victualler
Webb Sarah and Susan Ironmongers
Webb Samuel (F) Cutler
Webley John Hair-dresser
Weekes Joseph (F) Tanner
Welling Henry (F) Barge-master
White Susanna Innholder
Wilkins Samuel (F) Coal-merchant
Williams Thomas Cutler
Williams Richard (F) Plumber and Glazier
Wilmot Edward Pawnbroker
Wilton John Printer and Bookseller
Winter Elizabeth Milliner
Wood Joseph (F) Saddler

Woollams Andrew (F)

Draper
Woollams Thomas (F) Hosier and manufacturer
Wright William (F) Maltster

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